- Jurong Island is the amalgamation of seven smaller islands.
- It will provide land enough for 2.5 Ang Mo Kio Housing Board estates for
the chemical industry.
- Sixty-one companies have invested $21 billion in plant machinery on the
- When completed in 2010, island is expected to host 150 companies with $40
billion in fixed assets.
- The Government has pumped in $7 billion so far for the reclamation of
phases one, two and three of the island.
- A $300 million causeway connects the island with the mainland.
- The final phase of reclamation is expected at the end of 2004.
Jurong Island is a $7-billion project to combine a group of seven southern
islands through reclamation. When completed in 2003, it will become
Singapore's largest offshore island, with almost 3 sq km of land.
Singapore's industrial development began in the 60s with the building of
Jurong Industrial Estate. Jurong then was largely swamplands. Many
considered it foolhardy to pin Singapore's future on transforming swamps
into an industrial estate. But we succeeded.
Now, three decades later, we are writing a new chapter in our industrial
development with the creation of Jurong Island from several smaller islands.
Though the chapter is new, the spirit behind it is the same. Jurong Island
reflects the vision, faith and fortitude that had created Singapore and
Jurong Industrial Estate. Like our nation, Jurong Island was brought into
being without any natural resources. It is the dare to go against the odds
and the will to succeed which have created this island. Jurong Industrial
Estate and Jurong Island show what we can achieve if we put our minds to it.
Today, Jurong Island has also become a symbol of national enterprise. Here,
we conceived and built an integrated petrochemical industry out of coral
reefs and a scattering of small islands.
With its excellent geographic location on the world's busiest shipping
routes, Singapore is home to the world's busiest container port. This
bustle, however, largely bypassed the group of tiny islands namely Pulau
Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Merlimau, Pulau Pesek, Pulau Pesek
Kecil, Pulau Sakra and Pulau Seraya, just south of Singapore, off Jurong.
On the scarcely populated islands of Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau,
Pulau Seraya and Pulau Merlimau, the villagers continued to live a simple
and sun-kissed lifestyle. As late as the 1960s, they lived in Malay-style
wooden stilt houses on their palm-fringed islands.
Then in the late 1960s and early 1970s, three oil companies decided to house
their facilities on the islands- Esso in Pulau Ayer Chawan, Singapore
Refinery Company in Pulau Merlimau and Mobil Oil in Pulau Pesek.
With these pioneers of Singapore's petroleum industry in place, it became
logical that when the chemical industries was identified in 1980 as an
industry cluster capable of contributing significantly to the economic
growth of Singapore, amalgamation of the islands in forming Jurong Island,
become the natural choice for the development of a petrochemical hub.
In 1991, JTC Corporation was appointed the agent of the Jurong Island
project. Based on the needs and feedback from the industrialists, JTC
Corporation planned and coordinated with the various government agencies in
delivering the necessary infrastructure and services to the island, namely
land through large-scale reclamation, roads, drains, utilities and others.
With the encouraging demand registered by these industries in the past two
years, the reclamation of the island has been greatly advanced. By bearing
in mind the need that each company and the industry have their own
uniqueness and specific needs, JTC Corporation has attempted as much as
possible to reconcile the differing interests in the process of achieving a
Today, Jurong Island is home to leading petrochemical companies. Jurong
Island embodies Singapore's vision of developing a strong and vibrant
chemical industry to take us into the next century.
Jurong Island is fast developing into a self-sufficient petrochemical
complex with superb infrastructure and all the key support facilities.
Singapore is fully committed to the success of this project. Reclamation
works are expected to be completed by 2005. When completed, the size of
Jurong Island will be 3,200 ha.
The Jurong Island Checkpoint is located at the entrance to Jurong Island
Highway. It is the key to the operational requirement stated in the security
framework that aims to balance security and economic needs.
Jurong Island is served by efficient road network and public transport
system via the dual four-lane carriageway, Jurong Island Highway. It merely
takes you less than 10 minutes to travel from mainland Singapore to the
furthest part of Jurong Island. Jurong Island Highway begins with a 2.6
kilometre causeway linking mainland Singapore and the island. There are
public bus services plying the entire island.
On the island itself, you will find an amenities centre, Oasis@Sakra,
complete with covered carpark lots, air-conditioned food court, alfresco
dining restaurant, function rooms, clinic, convenience stores and
ChemGallery. Officially opened on 1 June 1999, the Jurong Island Firestation
is able to respond to an emergency call in Jurong Island within 8 minutes.
It is equipped to handle hazardous incident (petroleum fires and chemical
gas leaks). The vision of the Chemical Process Technology Centre (CPTC) is
to be a centre of excellence for practical training in chemical and life
sciences processes and technologies. The school is managed by Nanyang
Institute of Chemical Engineering Sciences (ICES) will be established as a
national research and development institute with a mission to train R&D
manpower, create technology innovation and develop R&D capabilities.
And to top it off, the island is landscaped according to Singapore's famous
Garden City concept. By 2010, Jurong Island will be able to accommodate 5
crackers and 150 companies with a total estimated fixed asset investment of
S$40 billion. JTC and EDB aim to achieve feedstock
sufficiency for Jurong Island with 3 million tonnes of ethylene (the basic petrochemical feedstock)
by 2010 as compared to existing capacity of 1.8 million tonnes. In terms of
employment, 15, 000 people will be working on the island and more will be
visiting JI for its academic researches and training.
There are many areas of development initiated to help Jurong Island to
realise its target of becoming a world class chemical hub.
The amalgamation of
the seven islands is carried out by reclaiming the channels
the seven islands in phases, and extending beyond into additional sea space
form one big island. When completed, JI will form a
land area of about 3200 hectares from an initial area of less than 1,000
hectares. The total area to be reclaimed is 2209 hectares. When reclaimed,
Jurong Island is approximately 4.7% of the land area of Singapore Island.
Jurong Island Highway
Transportation in Jurong Island is linked by a backbone Jurong Island
Highway. Plans to transform Jurong Island into a world-class chemicals hub
received a boost in March 1999, with the partial opening of a dual four-lane
carriageway linking the island to mainland Singapore by DPM Lee Hsien Loong.
With the construction of this 2.3 kilometre causeway, it takes one merely
ten minutes to travel from mainland Singapore to the furthest part of Jurong
Island. Companies on Jurong Island will enjoy significantly lower operating
and construction costs as they can now rely on a more cost-effective
land-based transportation system. The road link, completed a year ahead of
schedule, also spells greater convenience, and will help raise productivity.
Jurong Island will be developed into a premier hub for the chemical
industry, growing in partnership with all our valued clients on Jurong
Island. Their commercial success is Singapore's success.
Jurong Island Fire Station
Opened on 1 June 1999, the fire station is operated by Singapore Civil
Defence. It is developed to answer any emergency situations, providing the
island with fire-fighting services, emergency response, rescue and medical
S$5.5 million fire station has invested on S$6m on equipment that includes
Hazardous Material Fire Fighting capabilities for petroleum and chemical
fires. Its central location ensures a response time of less than 8 minutes
to all parts of Jurong Island.
A 2nd Jurong Island Fire Station will be developed on the Western Part of
Jurong Island at Banyan by 2005.
As part of JTC Corporation's efforts to create a pleasant work environment
for the customers at Jurong Island, a landscaping master plan was
commissioned. Though Jurong Island is an industrial zone, the island will
eventually be landscaped based on the Garden City concept of Singapore.
A beautiful landscaped estate would help to soften the harsh impacts of
steel and pipes associated with the chemical industry. By doing so, the
beautiful flora ensures that the social, psychological and physical welfare
of the employees are not neglected. Jurong Island will become a place one
would like to come and work in.
Right in the middle of Jurong Island where the Sakra Jetty is situated, you
can find a quiet water front garden, the Sakra Park. The Park consists of
timber boardwalk along the coast-line, a cactus garden and a landmark
Amenity Centre - Oasis@Sakra
On the island itself, the amenity centre, Oasis@Sakra serves as the
community hub for Jurong Island customers. The amenity centre houses
facilities like an air-conditioned food court, an alfresco restaurant, a
medical centre, a hardware store, a convenience store and ChemGallery - all
essential services which the Jurong Islanders can enjoy at a stone's
Oasis@Sakra, was completed in August 1999 and its opening was officiated by
BG George Yeo on 12 November 1999. It is a focal point of activities and a
centre housing various facilities to serve your needs.
ChemGallery is an interactive and educational gallery that allows one to
discover the marvels of chemistry and takes you on the Singapore's journey
to the chemical industry. It also informs the public and the students on the
employment opportunities in the chemical industry, as well as educates them
on the importance of responsible care. The ChemGallery@Jurong Island is
JTC's commitment to society and the environment. ChemGallery is open from
Monday to Friday (except public holidays), 9.00am to 5.00pm.
You can visit ChemGallery to discover the marvels of a vibrant and thriving
chemical industry in a whole new way! You will embark on a voyage of
discovery from the origins of oil and gas to their transformations into
valuable petrochemical and specialty chemical products. Enter the world of
chemistry and be impressed by the wide applications of chemicals in your
In this gallery, you will not only learn about Singapore's chemistry
industry but also witness the realization of a bold dream to transform seven
southern islands into Jurong Island - A World Class Chemical Hub.
Chemgallery promises a truly multi-sensory interactive experience. Take your
time to interact with the many exhibits as you browse through the
entertaining and educational videos and multimedia shows. The admission
charges are $1 for students and $2 for adults.
Tuas South Incineration Plant
Tuas South Incineration Plant (TSIP) is Singapore's fourth and largest
refuse incineration plant. With new state-of-the art features to boost
efficiency and throughput, TSIP, together with the other three incineration
plants and the offshore Semakau Landfill will meet the refuse disposal needs
Built at a cost of $900 million, the Ministry of the Environment's fourth
waste-to-energy plant can incinerate 3,000 tonnes of refuse every day
through its six incinerators, nearly twice the amount of refuse currently
being incinerated at Tuas Incineration Plant. Together the four plants - Ulu
Pandan Refuse Incineration Plant, Tuas Incineration Plant, Senoko
Incineration Plant and TSIP will have the capacity to incinerate 8,200
tonnes of refuse daily.
TSIP is the first incineration plant in Southeast Asia to use SiC tiles as
refractory materials in the furnace. Refractory materials are required to
protect the surfaces of the boiler wall tubes and furnace castings from the
high temperature flame, highly abrasive fly-ash and highly corrosive flue
gases which are generated as a result of the intense combustion in the
furnace. It is critical to operational efficiency for these refractory
materials to be able to withstand the harsh operating environment for long
periods without excessive wear and corrosion. Otherwise, there will be a
need to have frequent shutdowns for maintenance. The high-quality SiC tiles
are expected to have a longer life span and can easily be replaced owing to
an easy-to-install hooking system.
Operational efficiency of the plant will also be increased and manpower
reduced with the use of an advance Digital Control System which allows more
pieces of equipment in the incineration process to be operated, monitored
and controlled simultaneously. Instead of deploying one operator to operate
an incinerator, TSIP requires only one operator to operate up to three
incinerators. The automation also frees operators from routine tasks to
concentrate on optimizing the plant's throughput.
The plant's four high capacity rotary bulky waste crushers will help improve
efficiency as well. Refuse comes to the plant in various shapes and sizes.
As the incinerators are designed for mass combustion of municipal waste,
there are size limitations to the type of refuse that can be fed into the
furnace. These crushers will help overcome these constraints. They are
integrated in the refuse reception hall, allowing refuse trucks to discharge
their loads directly into the crushers.
TSIP is a 'green' plant, helping to conserve portable water resources by
using industrial water pre-treated by its own water reclamation plant for
use in the boilers. The reverse osmosis water reclamation plant, which makes
use of the latest membrane technology, will save the plant approximately
194,000m3 of potable water annually. The plant will also not consume any of
Singapore's present electricity resources.
Rather it will generate 80 megawatts of electricity, 80% of which will be
made available for the public to use. Together the four plants, TSIP supply
about 2% of Singapore's overall electricity consumption. Like all the other
incineration plants, ferrous metals are recovered for recycling. The amount
of wastewater discharged from TSIP is also minimized by way of a design
which allows wastewater drainage from the refuse bunker to be collected and
pumped back into the bunker for dust suppression and eventual destruction in
Incineration reduces the volume of waste substantially, by as much as 90%.
As land is limited in Singapore, ENV has adopted the policy of incinerating
all incinerable waste in order to conserve land. Incineration infrastructure
however does not come cheap. ENV has spent $1.83 billion building these four
incineration plants and $610 million for the offshore Semakau Landfill.
Singapore’s severe land constraints and the high cost of building and
maintaining refuse disposal facilities means that she cannot afford to
continue subsidising waste disposal. By subsidising refuse generation, we
are, in effect discouraging recycling and waste minimisation. This is
because companies will find it much cheaper to simply send their waste for
disposal instead of making the necessary efforts to minimise waste.
Artificially low waste disposal charges will also make recycling plants
non-viable, thereby discouraging investors from setting up such operations.
Thus, as the Ministry announced earlier in Jan 99 and in April 2000, refuse
disposal fees will be increased progressively to encourage waste
minimisation and to partially offset the high costs of building refuse
disposal infrastructure. Disposal fees will therefore continue to be
increased according to the schedule announced: $10 a year till it reaches
$87 per tonne in 2002. So far two increases have been implemented. The
Ministry said that the next increase will be effected early next year.
JTC plans to develop a major chemical logistics hub, Banyan LogisPark on
Jurong Island to provide integrated logistics support to the rapidly growing
number of chemical companies on the island.
JTC has earmarked 80 hectares of land on Jurong Island for this logistics
hub. The hub will have its own berths, jetties and other marine facilities,
and will be linked to the chemical plants through common pipeline service
corridors. It will handle bulk liquid and solid chemicals, including
hazardous chemicals. It will also provide logistics services such as storage
tanks, chemical warehouses, tank filling, cleaning and maintenance, drumming
and waste treatment facilities. An integrated logistics electronic commerce
network has been implemented to complement the island's physical road link
and logistics hub. The Banyan LogisPark will further buttress our position
as a premier chemical transhipment centre. All this will enhance the
competitiveness of Jurong Island companies.
Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES)
Singapore is fast becoming the choice location for companies to base their
research and development and technical services. Singapore offers a
conductive research environment and increased opportunities to collaborate
with dynamic reseach. Institute of Chemical and Engineering Services (ICES)
is hence setup on Jurong Island to promote closer collaboration with the
chemicals industry. The national institute will conduct mission-based R&D in
leading chemical sciences and engineering for applications in the chemical
and pharmaceutical industries.
The availability of highly skilled manpower is one of the critical factors
behind the rapid growth of the chemical industry in recent years. Singapore
is constantly introducing initiatives to address the manpower needs of the
chemical companies. An example of such an initiative is the first training
plant in the world, the Chemical Process Technology Centre (CPTC). CPTC's
vision is to be a centre of excellence for practical training in chemical
processes and technologies. The centre on Jurong Island features a
production plant to provide practical training for students from the
polytechnics and technical institutes. The centre also conducts specialised
courses for in-employment workers in the chemical and life sciences. Other
training facilities include a simulation centre, workshop, laboratory,
auditorium and classrooms.