Jurong Island

Pulau Ubin
Kusu Island
St. John's Island
Other Islands

Introduction | Jurong Island | Pulau Tekong | Sisters' Islands | Pualu Hantu | Lazarus Island | Remaining Islands | Conclusion

Jurong Island

Islands Facts

- Jurong Island is the amalgamation of seven smaller islands.
- It will provide land enough for 2.5 Ang Mo Kio Housing Board estates for the chemical industry.
- Sixty-one companies have invested $21 billion in plant machinery on the island.
- When completed in 2010, island is expected to host 150 companies with $40 billion in fixed assets.
- The Government has pumped in $7 billion so far for the reclamation of phases one, two and three of the island.
- A $300 million causeway connects the island with the mainland.
- The final phase of reclamation is expected at the end of 2004.

General Information

          Jurong Island is a $7-billion project to combine a group of seven southern islands through reclamation. When completed in 2003, it will become Singapore's largest offshore island, with almost 3 sq km of land.
          Singapore's industrial development began in the 60s with the building of Jurong Industrial Estate. Jurong then was largely swamplands. Many considered it foolhardy to pin Singapore's future on transforming swamps into an industrial estate. But we succeeded.
Now, three decades later, we are writing a new chapter in our industrial development with the creation of Jurong Island from several smaller islands.

          Though the chapter is new, the spirit behind it is the same. Jurong Island reflects the vision, faith and fortitude that had created Singapore and Jurong Industrial Estate. Like our nation, Jurong Island was brought into being without any natural resources. It is the dare to go against the odds and the will to succeed which have created this island. Jurong Industrial Estate and Jurong Island show what we can achieve if we put our minds to it.
        Today, Jurong Island has also become a symbol of national enterprise. Here, we conceived and built an integrated petrochemical industry out of coral reefs and a scattering of small islands.


          With its excellent geographic location on the world's busiest shipping routes, Singapore is home to the world's busiest container port. This bustle, however, largely bypassed the group of tiny islands namely Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Merlimau, Pulau Pesek, Pulau Pesek Kecil, Pulau Sakra and Pulau Seraya, just south of Singapore, off Jurong.
          On the scarcely populated islands of Pulau Ayer Chawan, Pulau Ayer Merbau, Pulau Seraya and Pulau Merlimau, the villagers continued to live a simple and sun-kissed lifestyle. As late as the 1960s, they lived in Malay-style wooden stilt houses on their palm-fringed islands.
          Then in the late 1960s and early 1970s, three oil companies decided to house their facilities on the islands- Esso in Pulau Ayer Chawan, Singapore Refinery Company in Pulau Merlimau and Mobil Oil in Pulau Pesek.
          With these pioneers of Singapore's petroleum industry in place, it became logical that when the chemical industries was identified in 1980 as an industry cluster capable of contributing significantly to the economic growth of Singapore, amalgamation of the islands in forming Jurong Island, become the natural choice for the development of a petrochemical hub.

          In 1991, JTC Corporation was appointed the agent of the Jurong Island project. Based on the needs and feedback from the industrialists, JTC Corporation planned and coordinated with the various government agencies in delivering the necessary infrastructure and services to the island, namely land through large-scale reclamation, roads, drains, utilities and others.
          With the encouraging demand registered by these industries in the past two years, the reclamation of the island has been greatly advanced. By bearing in mind the need that each company and the industry have their own uniqueness and specific needs, JTC Corporation has attempted as much as possible to reconcile the differing interests in the process of achieving a national objective.
          Today, Jurong Island is home to leading petrochemical companies. Jurong Island embodies Singapore's vision of developing a strong and vibrant chemical industry to take us into the next century.

Infrastructure Development

          Jurong Island is fast developing into a self-sufficient petrochemical complex with superb infrastructure and all the key support facilities.
          Singapore is fully committed to the success of this project. Reclamation works are expected to be completed by 2005. When completed, the size of Jurong Island will be 3,200 ha.

          The Jurong Island Checkpoint is located at the entrance to Jurong Island Highway. It is the key to the operational requirement stated in the security framework that aims to balance security and economic needs.
          Jurong Island is served by efficient road network and public transport system via the dual four-lane carriageway, Jurong Island Highway. It merely takes you less than 10 minutes to travel from mainland Singapore to the furthest part of Jurong Island. Jurong Island Highway begins with a 2.6 kilometre causeway linking mainland Singapore and the island. There are public bus services plying the entire island.
          On the island itself, you will find an amenities centre, Oasis@Sakra, complete with covered carpark lots, air-conditioned food court, alfresco dining restaurant, function rooms, clinic, convenience stores and ChemGallery. Officially opened on 1 June 1999, the Jurong Island Firestation is able to respond to an emergency call in Jurong Island within 8 minutes.
It is equipped to handle hazardous incident (petroleum fires and chemical gas leaks). The vision of the Chemical Process Technology Centre (CPTC) is to be a centre of excellence for practical training in chemical and life sciences processes and technologies. The school is managed by Nanyang Polytechnic.

          Institute of Chemical Engineering Sciences (ICES) will be established as a national research and development institute with a mission to train R&D manpower, create technology innovation and develop R&D capabilities.
          And to top it off, the island is landscaped according
to Singapore's famous Garden City concept. By 2010, Jurong Island will be able to accommodate 5 crackers and 150 companies with a total estimated fixed asset investment of S$40 billion. JTC and EDB aim to achieve feedstock sufficiency for Jurong Island with 3 million tonnes of ethylene (the basic petrochemical feedstock) by 2010 as compared to existing capacity of 1.8 million tonnes. In terms of employment, 15, 000 people will be working on the island and more will be visiting JI for its academic researches and training.
           There are many areas of development initiated to help Jurong Island to realise its target of becoming a world class chemical hub.

          The amalgamation of the seven islands is carried out by reclaiming the channels
between the seven islands in phases, and extending beyond into additional sea space to form one big island. When completed, JI will form a land area of about 3200 hectares from an initial area of less than 1,000 hectares. The total area to be reclaimed is 2209 hectares. When reclaimed, Jurong Island is approximately 4.7% of the land area of Singapore Island.

 Jurong Island Highway
          Transportation in Jurong Island is linked by a backbone Jurong Island Highway. Plans to transform Jurong Island into a world-class chemicals hub received a boost in March 1999, with the partial opening of a dual four-lane carriageway linking the island to mainland Singapore by DPM Lee Hsien Loong. With the construction of this 2.3 kilometre causeway, it takes one merely ten minutes to travel from mainland Singapore to the furthest part of Jurong Island. Companies on Jurong Island will enjoy significantly lower operating and construction costs as they can now rely on a more cost-effective land-based transportation system. The road link, completed a year ahead of schedule, also spells greater convenience, and will help raise productivity. Jurong Island will be developed into a premier hub for the chemical industry, growing in partnership with all our valued clients on Jurong Island. Their commercial success is Singapore's success.

Jurong Island Fire Station
          Opened on 1 June 1999, the fire station is operated by Singapore Civil Defence. It is developed to answer any emergency situations, providing the island with fire-fighting services, emergency response, rescue and medical operations.
The S$5.5 million fire station has invested on S$6m on equipment that includes Hazardous Material Fire Fighting capabilities for petroleum and chemical fires. Its central location ensures a response time of less than 8 minutes to all parts of Jurong Island.          A 2nd Jurong Island Fire Station will be developed on the Western Part of Jurong Island at Banyan by 2005.

           As part of JTC Corporation's efforts to create a pleasant work environment for the customers at Jurong Island, a landscaping master plan was commissioned. Though Jurong Island is an industrial zone, the island will eventually be landscaped based on the Garden City concept of Singapore.

          A beautiful landscaped estate would help to soften the harsh impacts of steel and pipes associated with the chemical industry. By doing so, the beautiful flora ensures that the social, psychological and physical welfare of the employees are not neglected. Jurong Island will become a place one would like to come and work in.
          Right in the middle of Jurong Island where the Sakra Jetty is situated, you can find a quiet water front garden, the Sakra Park. The Park consists of timber boardwalk along the coast-line, a cactus garden and a landmark waterfront features.

Amenity Centre - Oasis@Sakra
          On the island itself, the amenity centre, Oasis@Sakra serves as the community hub for Jurong Island customers. The amenity centre houses facilities like an air-conditioned food court, an alfresco restaurant, a medical centre, a hardware store, a convenience store and ChemGallery - all essential services which the Jurong Islanders can enjoy at a stone's
throw away.
          Oasis@Sakra, was completed in August 1999 and its opening was officiated by BG George Yeo on 12 November 1999. It is a focal point of activities and a centre housing various facilities to serve your needs.

          ChemGallery is an interactive and educational gallery that allows one to discover the marvels of chemistry and takes you on the Singapore's journey to the chemical industry. It also informs the public and the students on the employment opportunities in the chemical industry, as well as educates them on the importance of responsible care. The ChemGallery@Jurong Island is JTC's commitment to society and the environment. ChemGallery is open from Monday to Friday (except public holidays), 9.00am to 5.00pm.

          You can visit ChemGallery to discover the marvels of a vibrant and thriving chemical industry in a whole new way! You will embark on a voyage of discovery from the origins of oil and gas to their transformations into valuable petrochemical and specialty chemical products. Enter the world of chemistry and be impressed by the wide applications of chemicals in your everyday life.
          In this gallery, you will not only learn about Singapore's chemistry industry but also witness the realization of a bold dream to transform seven southern islands into Jurong Island - A World Class Chemical Hub. Chemgallery promises a truly multi-sensory interactive experience. Take your time to interact with the many exhibits as you browse through the entertaining and educational videos and multimedia shows. The admission charges are $1 for students and $2 for adults.

Tuas South Incineration Plant
          Tuas South Incineration Plant (TSIP) is Singapore's fourth and largest refuse incineration plant. With new state-of-the art features to boost efficiency and throughput, TSIP, together with the other three incineration plants and the offshore Semakau Landfill will meet the refuse disposal needs of Singapore.

          Built at a cost of $900 million, the Ministry of the Environment's fourth waste-to-energy plant can incinerate 3,000 tonnes of refuse every day through its six incinerators, nearly twice the amount of refuse currently being incinerated at Tuas Incineration Plant. Together the four plants - Ulu Pandan Refuse Incineration Plant, Tuas Incineration Plant, Senoko Incineration Plant and TSIP will have the capacity to incinerate 8,200 tonnes of refuse daily.
          TSIP is the first incineration plant in Southeast Asia to use SiC tiles as refractory materials in the furnace. Refractory materials are required to protect the surfaces of the boiler wall tubes and furnace castings from the high temperature flame, highly abrasive fly-ash and highly corrosive flue gases which are generated as a result of the intense combustion in the furnace. It is critical to operational efficiency for these refractory materials to be able to withstand the harsh operating environment for long periods without excessive wear and corrosion. Otherwise, there will be a need to have frequent shutdowns for maintenance. The high-quality SiC tiles are expected to have a longer life span and can easily be replaced owing to an easy-to-install hooking system.

          Operational efficiency of the plant will also be increased and manpower reduced with the use of an advance Digital Control System which allows more pieces of equipment in the incineration process to be operated, monitored and controlled simultaneously. Instead of deploying one operator to operate an incinerator, TSIP requires only one operator to operate up to three incinerators. The automation also frees operators from routine tasks to concentrate on optimizing the plant's throughput.
          The plant's four high capacity rotary bulky waste crushers will help improve efficiency as well. Refuse comes to the plant in various shapes and sizes. As the incinerators are designed for mass combustion of municipal waste, there are size limitations to the type of refuse that can be fed into the furnace. These crushers will help overcome these constraints. They are integrated in the refuse reception hall, allowing refuse trucks to discharge their loads directly into the crushers.

          TSIP is a 'green' plant, helping to conserve portable water resources by using industrial water pre-treated by its own water reclamation plant for use in the boilers. The reverse osmosis water reclamation plant, which makes use of the latest membrane technology, will save the plant approximately 194,000m3 of potable water annually. The plant will also not consume any of Singapore's present electricity resources.
          Rather it will generate 80 megawatts of electricity, 80% of which will be made available for the public to use. Together the four plants, TSIP supply about 2% of Singapore's overall electricity consumption. Like all the other incineration plants, ferrous metals are recovered for recycling. The amount of wastewater discharged from TSIP is also minimized by way of a design which allows wastewater drainage from the refuse bunker to be collected and pumped back into the bunker for dust suppression and eventual destruction in the furnace.
          Incineration reduces the volume of waste substantially, by as much as 90%. As land is limited in Singapore, ENV has adopted the policy of incinerating all incinerable waste in order to conserve land. Incineration infrastructure however does not come cheap. ENV has spent $1.83 billion building these four incineration plants and $610 million for the offshore Semakau Landfill.

          Singapore’s severe land constraints and the high cost of building and maintaining refuse disposal facilities means that she cannot afford to continue subsidising waste disposal. By subsidising refuse generation, we are, in effect discouraging recycling and waste minimisation. This is because companies will find it much cheaper to simply send their waste for disposal instead of making the necessary efforts to minimise waste. Artificially low waste disposal charges will also make recycling plants non-viable, thereby discouraging investors from setting up such operations.
          Thus, as the Ministry announced earlier in Jan 99 and in April 2000, refuse disposal fees will be increased progressively to encourage waste minimisation and to partially offset the high costs of building refuse disposal infrastructure. Disposal fees will therefore continue to be increased according to the schedule announced: $10 a year till it reaches $87 per tonne in 2002. So far two increases have been implemented. The Ministry said that the next increase will be effected early next year.

New Developments

Banyan LogisPark
          JTC plans to develop a major chemical logistics hub, Banyan LogisPark on Jurong Island to provide integrated logistics support to the rapidly growing number of chemical companies on the island.

          JTC has earmarked 80 hectares of land on Jurong Island for this logistics hub. The hub will have its own berths, jetties and other marine facilities, and will be linked to the chemical plants through common pipeline service corridors. It will handle bulk liquid and solid chemicals, including hazardous chemicals. It will also provide logistics services such as storage tanks, chemical warehouses, tank filling, cleaning and maintenance, drumming and waste treatment facilities. An integrated logistics electronic commerce network has been implemented to complement the island's physical road link and logistics hub. The Banyan LogisPark will further buttress our position as a premier chemical transhipment centre. All this will enhance the competitiveness of Jurong Island companies.

Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES)
          Singapore is fast becoming the choice location for companies to base their research and development and technical services. Singapore offers a conductive research environment and increased opportunities to collaborate with dynamic reseach. Institute of Chemical and Engineering Services (ICES) is hence setup on Jurong Island to promote closer collaboration with the chemicals industry. The national institute will conduct mission-based R&D in leading chemical sciences and engineering for applications in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries.
          The availability of highly skilled manpower is one of the critical factors behind the rapid growth of the chemical industry in recent years. Singapore is constantly introducing initiatives to address the manpower needs of the chemical companies. An example of such an initiative is the first training plant in the world, the Chemical Process Technology Centre (CPTC). CPTC's vision is to be a centre of excellence for practical training in chemical processes and technologies. The centre on Jurong Island features a production plant to provide practical training for students from the polytechnics and technical institutes. The centre also conducts specialised courses for in-employment workers in the chemical and life sciences. Other training facilities include a simulation centre, workshop, laboratory, auditorium and classrooms.

Home | Pulau Ubin | Sentosa | Kusu Island | St. John's Island | Other Islands | Acknowledgement

 Copyright Material of Group 88.
Last updated: 08/15/04.